Deuteronomy 2

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Editor's Note

As we start this new book, here is a head’s up that we’ll be going back to our normal six chapters per week rhythm as we read through Deuteronomy. Sundays will go back to being a rest (or catch-up) day. For an overview (or refresher) on Deuteronomy, click here.

We want this to continue to be a helpful resource, so invite someone to read along with you! To sign up and receive the BRP daily in your inbox, go to and scroll to the bottom of the page! 

Read Deuteronomy 2

Wanderings in the Wilderness

Then we turned back and set out toward the wilderness along the route to the Red Sea, as the Lord had directed me. For a long time we made our way around the hill country of Seir.

Then the Lord said to me, “You have made your way around this hill country long enough; now turn north. Give the people these orders: ‘You are about to pass through the territory of your relatives the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. They will be afraid of you, but be very careful. Do not provoke them to war, for I will not give you any of their land, not even enough to put your foot on. I have given Esau the hill country of Seir as his own.You are to pay them in silver for the food you eat and the water you drink.’”

The Lord your God has blessed you in all the work of your hands. He has watched over your journey through this vast wilderness. These forty yearsthe Lord your God has been with you, and you have not lacked anything.

So we went on past our relatives the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. We turned from the Arabah road, which comes up from Elath and Ezion Geber, and traveled along the desert road of Moab.

Then the Lord said to me, “Do not harass the Moabites or provoke them to war, for I will not give you any part of their land. I have given Ar to the descendants of Lot as a possession.”

10 (The Emites used to live there—a people strong and numerous, and as tall as the Anakites. 11 Like the Anakites, they too were considered Rephaites,but the Moabites called them Emites. 12 Horites used to live in Seir, but the descendants of Esau drove them out. They destroyed the Horites from before them and settled in their place, just as Israel did in the land the Lordgave them as their possession.)

13 And the Lord said, “Now get up and cross the Zered Valley.” So we crossed the valley.

14 Thirty-eight years passed from the time we left Kadesh Barnea until we crossed the Zered Valley. By then, that entire generation of fighting men had perished from the camp, as the Lord had sworn to them. 15 The Lord’s hand was against them until he had completely eliminated them from the camp.

16 Now when the last of these fighting men among the people had died,17 the Lord said to me, 18 “Today you are to pass by the region of Moab at Ar. 19 When you come to the Ammonites, do not harass them or provoke them to war, for I will not give you possession of any land belonging to the Ammonites. I have given it as a possession to the descendants of Lot.”

20 (That too was considered a land of the Rephaites, who used to live there; but the Ammonites called them Zamzummites. 21 They were a people strong and numerous, and as tall as the Anakites. The Lord destroyed them from before the Ammonites, who drove them out and settled in their place. 22 The Lord had done the same for the descendants of Esau, who lived in Seir,when he destroyed the Horites from before them. They drove them out and have lived in their place to this day. 23 And as for the Avvites who lived in villages as far as Gaza, the Caphtorites coming out from Caphtor destroyed them and settled in their place.)

Defeat of Sihon King of Heshbon

24 “Set out now and cross the Arnon Gorge. See, I have given into your hand Sihon the Amorite, king of Heshbon, and his country. Begin to take possession of it and engage him in battle. 25 This very day I will begin to put the terror and fear of you on all the nations under heaven. They will hear reports of you and will tremble and be in anguish because of you.”

26 From the Desert of Kedemoth I sent messengers to Sihon king of Heshbon offering peace and saying, 27 “Let us pass through your country. We will stay on the main road; we will not turn aside to the right or to the left.28 Sell us food to eat and water to drink for their price in silver. Only let us pass through on foot— 29 as the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir, and the Moabites, who live in Ar, did for us—until we cross the Jordan into the land the Lord our God is giving us.” 30 But Sihon king of Heshbon refused to let us pass through. For the Lord your God had made his spirit stubborn and his heart obstinate in order to give him into your hands, as he has now done.

31 The Lord said to me, “See, I have begun to deliver Sihon and his country over to you. Now begin to conquer and possess his land.”

32 When Sihon and all his army came out to meet us in battle at Jahaz, 33 the Lord our God delivered him over to us and we struck him down, together with his sons and his whole army. 34 At that time we took all his towns and completely destroyed them—men, women and children. We left no survivors.35 But the livestock and the plunder from the towns we had captured we carried off for ourselves. 36 From Aroer on the rim of the Arnon Gorge, and from the town in the gorge, even as far as Gilead, not one town was too strong for us. The Lord our God gave us all of them. 37 But in accordance with the command of the Lord our God, you did not encroach on any of the land of the Ammonites, neither the land along the course of the Jabbok nor that around the towns in the hills.

Go Deeper

Deuteronomy is the last book of the Torah, so it happens to glance back at the first four books. Chapter 2 of this book is a call to covenant faithfulness from the mouth Moses. As Moses recalls the 40 years they’ve just experienced, he reminds the people of Israel that the Lord was present in the same way that the Lord will continue to be with them. Moses specifically mentions the wilderness years to remind the people’s call to patience.

Patience is known to be an esteemed virtue. It’s a fruit of the spirit (Galatians 6:9), an instruction during tribulation (Romans 12:12), and a posture to hear God (Psalm 40:1). The difficulty of patience is temptation in the perceivably delayed timing. While the people of Israel wandered through the wilderness, they were told to disengage with the people that were a source of opposition. God, the people of Israel, and the Land was something meant to have full integrity. When there was a threat coming close, God asked Israel to trust Him in His timing.

We have been granted the privilege of similar things to the ancient people: a relationship with God, a kinship with others, and a place to call home. While we are on the journey of our faith walk, we can be met with opposition. Maybe the relationship with God has found a lull, relationships in life are fractured, or frequented environments are harshly opposing Christian values. Integrity is desired for these things, but there’s a possibility that an unideal season is meant as a reminder: we do not need to be the first line of defense for a matter that is already being worked by the One, True God.

God is right alongside us, during the highest of our highs and the lowest of our lows. “The Lord your God has blessed you in all the work of your hands. He has watched over your journey through this vast wilderness. These forty years the Lord your God has been with you, and you have not lacked anything” (v. 7). As Moses glanced at a time of threatened integrity, he recalled that God offered blessing. We may need to be reminded that He is a God of provision and protection; we just need to be patient to watch it be worked out.


  1. Set aside a few minutes to reflect on your own life. How has God been faithful with provision and protection to you thus far? What’s the most recent example you can think of?
  2. Have you invited God into the things you are trying to hold together with integrity?
  3. Who do you need to come alongside you as you are living out patience in this season?

A Quote

The twentieth century pastor and author A.W. Tozer said this about developing patience:

“What then are we to do about our problems? We must learn to live with them until such time as God delivers us from them. We must pray for grace to endure them without murmuring. Problems patiently endured will work for our spiritual perfecting. They harm us only when we resist them or endure them unwillingly.”

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6 thoughts on “Deuteronomy 2”

  1. REMEMBER, a theme we see running through these first few chapters of Deuteronomy as Moses reviews the history of God’s previous care for Israel. Like the Israelites we often make life more difficult by our own disobedience. It’s easy to read and judge the Israelites. Why would they not love and follow God’s commands? Probably for the same reasons we do not. We are a forgetful people. We often choose our own selfish ways, rebel against God’s authority and reject his love ending up in a pit or wilderness. Today, I pray we would be hyper alert to his leading and follow him wholeheartedly, holding nothing back.

  2. Something I had never thought about before in hearing the wilderness story, is the fact that God had the Israelites wandering through the lands of other peoples He was faithful to in giving land as a possession. He passed them through the land that He had given to Esau and his descendants. He also took them through the land God gave to Lot and his descendants as a possession. The people that had been displaced for Esau and Lot were similar to the peoples that He wanted Israel to displace and give their land as an inheritance to Israel and their descendants. I think it’s beautiful how God had given this opportunity to the Israelites to see a glimpse of what they could look forward to in the midst of their wandering. God demonstrated to them that He is faithful and will provide for them, and also gave them a visual of what He wanted for them. If God had done this for the descendants of Esau and Lot, who were not God’s chosen people, how much more would He do for Israel, who are His chosen people? Israel only needed to let their trust in and fear of God be greater than their fear of the people God said He would give into their hands.

  3. JP has a book about to come out “Why do I do what I don’t want to do”. He was on Focus on the Family with James Dobson for an interview yesterday and it was good. This is what it is, we do what we want to do because we think we know better and/or we don’t want to wait with the patience for what God has in store. I cannot imagine wandering around for 40 years for something that was 8-10 day journey on foot. BUT GOD had/has plans for us. If we listen and obey even if we zig zag around God will make it beautiful and fruitful. When we jump in and help then we end up doing what we want to do and not what God intended. He can still use the mess to make a message. Romans 8 is good one to help with mess into message and doing what God wants/needs us to do, vs 5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. JP taught a sermon series and it was on Romans 8, Who is driving the steering wheel of your mind. We have to fight for the drivers seat. Flesh or Holy spirit?

    Thank You God for helping me, guiding me to putting You first in all I do, say, think, the way I act. I desire to be walking with You. Thank You for when I swerve that You guide me back to correct lane and place that will make it so that You will be given honor, glory and praise. Thank You for the examples I have from the old testament to instruct me. Thank You for guidance from the Romans to listen to Your Holy Spirit to be in continual state of walking and talking with You, in Jesus name amen

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