Matthew 20

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Read Matthew 20

The Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard

20 “For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. He agreed to pay them a denarius for the day and sent them into his vineyard.

“About nine in the morning he went out and saw others standing in the marketplace doing nothing. He told them, ‘You also go and work in my vineyard, and I will pay you whatever is right.’ So they went.

“He went out again about noon and about three in the afternoon and did the same thing. About five in the afternoon he went out and found still others standing around. He asked them, ‘Why have you been standing here all day long doing nothing?’

“‘Because no one has hired us,’ they answered.

“He said to them, ‘You also go and work in my vineyard.’

“When evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Call the workers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last ones hired and going on to the first.’

“The workers who were hired about five in the afternoon came and each received a denarius. 10 So when those came who were hired first, they expected to receive more. But each one of them also received a denarius.11 When they received it, they began to grumble against the landowner.12 ‘These who were hired last worked only one hour,’ they said, ‘and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the work and the heat of the day.’

13 “But he answered one of them, ‘I am not being unfair to you, friend.Didn’t you agree to work for a denarius? 14 Take your pay and go. I want to give the one who was hired last the same as I gave you. 15 Don’t I have the right to do what I want with my own money? Or are you envious because I am generous?’

16 “So the last will be first, and the first will be last.”

Jesus Predicts His Death a Third Time

17 Now Jesus was going up to Jerusalem. On the way, he took the Twelve aside and said to them, 18 “We are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and the teachers of the law.They will condemn him to death 19 and will hand him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified. On the third day he will be raised to life!”

A Mother’s Request

20 Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came to Jesus with her sons and, kneeling down, asked a favor of him.

21 “What is it you want?” he asked.

She said, “Grant that one of these two sons of mine may sit at your right and the other at your left in your kingdom.”

22 “You don’t know what you are asking,” Jesus said to them. “Can you drink the cup I am going to drink?”

“We can,” they answered.

23 Jesus said to them, “You will indeed drink from my cup, but to sit at my right or left is not for me to grant. These places belong to those for whom they have been prepared by my Father.”

24 When the ten heard about this, they were indignant with the two brothers. 25 Jesus called them together and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. 26 Not so with you. Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, 27 and whoever wants to be first must be your slave— 28 just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

Two Blind Men Receive Sight

29 As Jesus and his disciples were leaving Jericho, a large crowd followed him. 30 Two blind men were sitting by the roadside, and when they heard that Jesus was going by, they shouted, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on us!”

31 The crowd rebuked them and told them to be quiet, but they shouted all the louder, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on us!”

32 Jesus stopped and called them. “What do you want me to do for you?”he asked.

33 “Lord,” they answered, “we want our sight.”

34 Jesus had compassion on them and touched their eyes. Immediately they received their sight and followed him.

Go Deeper

Matthew 20 is another chapter where we see several different scenes unfold before our eyes. Jesus teaches through another parable, He foretells of His death (again), we see a power-struggle within the disciples, and Jesus restores the sight of two blind men. Through each one of these movements in this passage, Jesus is gaining notoriety and revealing the upside down nature of the Kingdom of God to all who were paying attention. While each scene in Matthew 20 gives us another glimpse into the Kingdom, we’re going to zoom in on the parable Jesus teaches at the beginning of the chapter.

As is common with many other parables, Jesus begins this one with “For the kingdom of heaven is like…” and He then proceeds to illustrate a spiritual truth with this story. As we read the story of the vineyard workers, it’s easy for us to feel the same “That’s not fair!” mentality that crept into the minds of the workers who arrived early. This often happens to us, especially if we’ve followed Jesus for a long time. We feel entitled to “more” or “better” because we feel like we’ve put in the work. But that’s not the point of the Gospel. 

What’s on display in this parable is the landowner’s generosity. The same reward was given to all, regardless of when they arrived and what they had done. If we truly believe that we are all sinful and in need of a savior, then we have no room for entitlement. We’re just grateful for the generosity of God to give His Son as a payment on our behalf. If we truly understand the Gospel, not only do we not feel short-changed, but we celebrate everyone else on the receiving end of the gift of grace. 

This idea that “the last shall be first” was said at the end of the previous chapter (Matthew 19:30) and is repeated at the end of this parable (v. 16). From the parable at the beginning to Jesus reminding the disciples that he came to serve and not be served (v. 28) to the blind men boldly asking Jesus to heal them (v. 31-33), we’re reminded that humility is a requirement in God’s Kingdom. To truly understand the Good News of Jesus, we have to start with the acknowledgment that we can’t save ourselves. As we go about our days today, let’s practice humility and live with that reminder that the last shall be first. 


  1. Which scene in today’s reading stuck out to you the most? Why?
  2. When reading this parable, what’s your initial or gut reaction? 
  3. How can you acknowledge your need for a savior today? In what ways can you practice humility today?

A Quote

Check out this quote from C.S. Lewis in Mere Christianity on the concept of humility:

“Do not imagine that if you meet a really humble man he will be what most people call ‘humble’ nowadays: he will not be a sort of greasy, smarmy person, who is always telling you that, of course, he is nobody.

Probably all you will think about him is that he seemed a cheerful, intelligent chap who took a real interest in what you said to him.

If you do dislike him it will be because you feel a little envious of anyone who seems to enjoy life so easily. He will not be thinking about humility: he will not be thinking about himself at all.”

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3 thoughts on “Matthew 20”

  1. It seems that humility is a lost art in our present day as we compete, compare and claw our way to the top. We are loud and proud on social media wanting to be noticed and liked, all the while stroking our ego and pride. Acts 20:24 begins with these striking words by the apostle Paul, “However, I consider my life worth nothing to me…”
    We need look no further than the example Christ continually set for us as he, who was fully God, set aside his position, humbled himself, & took on the form of a servant to seek and save and serve the lost & broken of this world. He willingly did this completely understanding what was at stake for him, a brutal death on the cross. What if today instead of elevating ourselves, we chose to serve with a Christ-like humility?

  2. To shed a little humor… I was thinking, I wish the last ones would hurry up! Let’s get a move on! You’re holding us up!
    I reflected on the story of the prodigal son’s brother. The goody-two shoes who stayed with his father who never did wrong. Who was prideful in his obedience and wanted/expected more. And in Luke 14 when the dinner guests wanted/expected the seat of honor.
    As frustrating as it is, I do believe pride is a blinding trait, and ‘only Jesus’ can humble us enough to save us wretched sinners.
    Amazing grace—thank you, Jesus! 🙌🏻

  3. We want what we think in terms of this world we deserve which is to be noticed or recognized in some manner. Children are now learning that everybody is a winner and all get a trophy even when they played badly and sat in the dirt having a tantrum. What are we teaching????? In today’s world we have a target on our back if we are a follower of Christ. I do not want any woman to have an abortion, I will help or find out how to help. Marriage is suppose to be between a male and a female period, I do not believe any other way but I will help or find someone who can. LGBT is wrong, period the end but God loves all and He wants us to love all, if can help I will or find someone who can. We water down God’s Word to meet people where they are and that is compromise. Jesus warned his followers, “Because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you” (John 15:19). We need to pray for courage and God’s direction to help those in those compromised situations. I had an abortion and oh how I wish someone had said let me come along side you and help you. I dont truly know if I would have had the courage to take that help but I do believe if it had been Godly counsel with love I would have changed my mind. I knew what I was doing was wrong but thought it was a good solution at the moment. Those moments live on and on and on and on… God has forgiven me and I have forgiven myself. I just know that I do not wish that guilt anguish on anyone for any of the above reasons. So if we can stand our ground like Jesus did by holding fast to our convictions. Show them love even if they do not know Jesus, He knows them.

    God thank You for courage to follow my convictions. God help me to stand my ground. God thank You for being able to memorize Your Word so that when I need it I have it. God thank You for humility. You sent Your son and He loved You so much, beyond my comprehension, that He gave himself for ME!!! Thank You!!!! Thank You for me seeing people in this world through Your Love. in Jesus name amen.

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