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Read Judges 8

Zebah and Zalmunna

Now the Ephraimites asked Gideon, “Why have you treated us like this? Why didn’t you call us when you went to fight Midian?” And they challenged him vigorously.

But he answered them, “What have I accomplished compared to you? Aren’t the gleanings of Ephraim’s grapes better than the full grape harvest of Abiezer? God gave Oreb and Zeeb, the Midianite leaders, into your hands. What was I able to do compared to you?” At this, their resentment against him subsided.

Gideon and his three hundred men, exhausted yet keeping up the pursuit, came to the Jordan and crossed it. He said to the men of Sukkoth, “Give my troops some bread; they are worn out, and I am still pursuing Zebah and Zalmunna, the kings of Midian.”

But the officials of Sukkoth said, “Do you already have the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna in your possession? Why should we give bread to your troops?”

Then Gideon replied, “Just for that, when the Lord has given Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, I will tear your flesh with desert thorns and briers.”

From there he went up to Peniel and made the same request of them, but they answered as the men of Sukkoth had. So he said to the men of Peniel, “When I return in triumph, I will tear down this tower.”

10 Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with a force of about fifteen thousand men, all that were left of the armies of the eastern peoples; a hundred and twenty thousand swordsmen had fallen. 11 Gideon went up by the route of the nomads east of Nobah and Jogbehah and attacked the unsuspecting army. 12 Zebah and Zalmunna, the two kings of Midian, fled, but he pursued them and captured them, routing their entire army.

13 Gideon son of Joash then returned from the battle by the Pass of Heres. 14 He caught a young man of Sukkoth and questioned him, and the young man wrote down for him the names of the seventy-seven officials of Sukkoth, the elders of the town. 15 Then Gideon came and said to the men of Sukkoth, “Here are Zebah and Zalmunna, about whom you taunted me by saying, ‘Do you already have the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna in your possession? Why should we give bread to your exhausted men?’” 16 He took the elders of the town and taught the men of Sukkoth a lesson by punishing them with desert thorns and briers. 17 He also pulled down the tower of Peniel and killed the men of the town.

18 Then he asked Zebah and Zalmunna, “What kind of men did you kill at Tabor?”

“Men like you,” they answered, “each one with the bearing of a prince.”

19 Gideon replied, “Those were my brothers, the sons of my own mother. As surely as the Lord lives, if you had spared their lives, I would not kill you.” 20 Turning to Jether, his oldest son, he said, “Kill them!” But Jether did not draw his sword, because he was only a boy and was afraid.

21 Zebah and Zalmunna said, “Come, do it yourself. ‘As is the man, so is his strength.’” So Gideon stepped forward and killed them, and took the ornaments off their camels’ necks.

Gideon’s Ephod

22 The Israelites said to Gideon, “Rule over us—you, your son and your grandson—because you have saved us from the hand of Midian.”

23 But Gideon told them, “I will not rule over you, nor will my son rule over you. The Lord will rule over you.” 24 And he said, “I do have one request, that each of you give me an earring from your share of the plunder.” (It was the custom of the Ishmaelites to wear gold earrings.)

25 They answered, “We’ll be glad to give them.” So they spread out a garment, and each of them threw a ring from his plunder onto it. 26 The weight of the gold rings he asked for came to seventeen hundred shekels, not counting the ornaments, the pendants and the purple garments worn by the kings of Midian or the chains that were on their camels’ necks. 27 Gideon made the gold into an ephod, which he placed in Ophrah, his town. All Israel prostituted themselves by worshiping it there, and it became a snare to Gideon and his family.

Gideon’s Death

28 Thus Midian was subdued before the Israelites and did not raise its head again. During Gideon’s lifetime, the land had peace forty years.

29 Jerub-Baal son of Joash went back home to live. 30 He had seventy sons of his own, for he had many wives. 31 His concubine, who lived in Shechem, also bore him a son, whom he named Abimelek. 32 Gideon son of Joash died at a good old age and was buried in the tomb of his father Joash in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

33 No sooner had Gideon died than the Israelites again prostituted themselves to the Baals. They set up Baal-Berith as their god 34 and did not remember the Lord their God, who had rescued them from the hands of all their enemies on every side. 35 They also failed to show any loyalty to the family of Jerub-Baal (that is, Gideon) in spite of all the good things he had done for them.

Go Deeper

Judges 8 continues and ends the story of Gideon. While we see the victory God provides, we also see how Gideon’s thirst for vengeance and his pride taint the testimony of God’s goodness. While in pursuit of the Midianite kings who escaped attack in Chapter 7, Gideon requests supplies and rest for his weary troops in the cities of Sukkoth and Peniel, but the leaders of each city refuse. Of his own accord, Gideon tortures the leaders of Sukkoth, tears down the beloved Peniel tower, and murders the men of Peniel – revenge for their taunting and neglect of the Israelites.

The Israelites ask Gideon to become their king, but he refuses, declaring, “The Lord will rule over you.” But before we can applaud Gideon’s humility, the story continues. Gideon takes the opportunity to ask for a small contribution of gold earrings from the Midianite spoils of war. He melts the 1700 shekels of gold (the equivalent of 187 grams or .4 pound), and fashions it into an ephod.

This section prompts several questions: What is an ephod? Why did Gideon make it? Why did the Israelites worship it? An ephod usually refers to a garment worn by priests, so there is debate as to whether this was such a garment or more of a statue. Debate also surrounds whether Gideon made it as a reminder of God’s answer to their prayers or as a tribute to his own accomplishments. Regardless of his intention, the reality is that Israel began worshiping the golden item rather than God.

While Gideon brought peace and turned Israel back to God’s purpose, Israel’s devotion to God was short-lived. The Message translation of verse 33 states, “Gideon was hardly cool in the tomb when the People of Israel had gotten off track and were prostituting themselves to Baal.” So what do we do with Gideon, this complicated hero devoted to Israel’s freedom yet plagued by vengeance and pride? What do we learn from his story?

Earthly leaders are flawed. They will fail our hopes and fall short of our expectations, despite the best of intentions. They are only human. Second, we learn that God is the one and only perfect ruler of our life. All others will always disappoint. This story illustrates why we needed Jesus in the first place. Finally, we learn that true repentance cannot be forced by human hands. While Gideon convinced the Israelites to follow God’s commands, it only lasted as long as he was on earth to lead them. Our hearts and minds must experience more than earthly change by a charismatic leader; we must experience eternal change by a Holy Savior.


  1. Think of a time when you put your hope in earthly leaders, only to be disappointed. What led you to believe in them? How did they fail?
  2. Think of a time when you put your hope in Jesus.  What led you to rely on Him?
  3. What is the difference between an earthly change and an eternal change of hearts and minds?

Keep Digging

Verse 24 refers to the Midianites as “Ishmaelites.” Read this article from to learn more about this group of people.

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1 thought on “Judges 8”

  1. Judges 8 is a messy narrative that reflects the flawed human heart. It presents fear, anger, revenge, and idolatry. Gideon’s strongest attack really came after the God-given victory. Deuteronomy 7:25 instructed on taking spoils of battle “Do not covet the silver and gold on them, and do not take it for yourselves, or you will be ensnared by it, for it is detestable to the Lord your God.” That’s exactly what happened to Gideon and the people. The saddest verse in this chapter is v34, “They forgot the Lord their God, who had rescued them from all their enemies surrounding them.” My heart, too, is flawed and in dire need of forgiveness offered by my Savior. How will we remember and follow Him today? Let’s learn from the mistakes of others recorded in scripture and commit to God’s ways.

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