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Editor's Note

Typically Sunday is a rest day, but for Holy Week we are going to try something different. Each day (from Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday) we are going sync up the reading with what Jesus did that particular day. Our hope is that by following along each day, we’re able to get a more full picture of the week that changed the world forever. Thanks for journeying alongside us through Judges. Come back tomorrow to experience Holy Week with us!

The BRP Team 

Read Judges 21

Wives for the Benjamites

21 The men of Israel had taken an oath at Mizpah: “Not one of us will give his daughter in marriage to a Benjamite.”

The people went to Bethel, where they sat before God until evening, raising their voices and weeping bitterly. Lord, God of Israel,” they cried, “why has this happened to Israel? Why should one tribe be missing from Israel today?”

Early the next day the people built an altar and presented burnt offerings and fellowship offerings.

Then the Israelites asked, “Who from all the tribes of Israel has failed to assemble before the Lord?” For they had taken a solemn oath that anyone who failed to assemble before the Lord at Mizpah was to be put to death.

Now the Israelites grieved for the tribe of Benjamin, their fellow Israelites. “Today one tribe is cut off from Israel,” they said. “How can we provide wives for those who are left, since we have taken an oath by the Lord not to give them any of our daughters in marriage?” Then they asked, “Which one of the tribes of Israel failed to assemble before the Lord at Mizpah?” They discovered that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come to the camp for the assembly. For when they counted the people, they found that none of the people of Jabesh Gilead were there.

10 So the assembly sent twelve thousand fighting men with instructions to go to Jabesh Gilead and put to the sword those living there, including the women and children. 11 “This is what you are to do,” they said. “Kill every male and every woman who is not a virgin.” 12 They found among the people living in Jabesh Gilead four hundred young women who had never slept with a man, and they took them to the camp at Shiloh in Canaan.

13 Then the whole assembly sent an offer of peace to the Benjamites at the rock of Rimmon. 14 So the Benjamites returned at that time and were given the women of Jabesh Gilead who had been spared. But there were not enough for all of them.

15 The people grieved for Benjamin, because the Lord had made a gap in the tribes of Israel. 16 And the elders of the assembly said, “With the women of Benjamin destroyed, how shall we provide wives for the men who are left? 17 The Benjamite survivors must have heirs,” they said, “so that a tribe of Israel will not be wiped out. 18 We can’t give them our daughters as wives, since we Israelites have taken this oath: ‘Cursed be anyone who gives a wife to a Benjamite.’ 19 But look, there is the annual festival of the Lord in Shiloh, which lies north of Bethel, east of the road that goes from Bethel to Shechem, and south of Lebonah.”

20 So they instructed the Benjamites, saying, “Go and hide in the vineyards 21 and watch. When the young women of Shiloh come out to join in the dancing, rush from the vineyards and each of you seize one of them to be your wife. Then return to the land of Benjamin. 22 When their fathers or brothers complain to us, we will say to them, ‘Do us the favor of helping them, because we did not get wives for them during the war. You will not be guilty of breaking your oath because you did not give your daughters to them.’”

23 So that is what the Benjamites did. While the young women were dancing, each man caught one and carried her off to be his wife. Then they returned to their inheritance and rebuilt the towns and settled in them.

24 At that time the Israelites left that place and went home to their tribes and clans, each to his own inheritance.

25 In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as they saw fit.

Go Deeper

In 1987, the SMU football program received “the death penalty” from the NCAA for making payments to players in violation of regulations. The punishment banned the program from competition for one year, but had the unintended effect of leaving the program in ruin for decades. The outcome was so devastating that the NCAA has never used it for a football program again.

In Judges 21, we see the devastating outcome of Israel’s version of “the death penalty” for the Benjamites and their devious efforts to resolve it. In previous chapters, we learned of the Benjamites’ abhorrent behavior, their refusal to repent, and the determination of Israel’s other tribes to hold the Benjamites accountable. At the beginning of Judges 21, we learn the rest of Israel issued their version of “the death penalty” by vowing to prevent their daughters from marrying the Benjamites. Israel now realized this punishment would have the unintended effect of leaving the tribe of Benjamin, a fellow Israelite tribe, in ruin.

Rather than admitting their own error and asking guidance from God, the Israelites followed one bad decision with another (and another). Attempting to solve their own situation, they are determined to capture the unmarried women of an Israelite city, give the women to the surviving Benjamites, and kill everyone else in the city. But, they failed to do the math first and found they needed more women! For the remaining men without a wife, the Israelites instructed the Benjamites to steal women from an Israelite festival. Because the women were stolen, their Israelite leaders could claim they had not broken their oath.

We may criticize the Israelites’ rash decisions and problematic punishments, but Judges 21 urges us to consider the unintended effects of solving our own situations. Verse 25 sums up the root cause of the problem, then and now: “In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as they saw fit.”

Israel had no king. They had no guiding authority to think through long-term effects, no leader to cast a vision of a better way, and no protector to provide provision for difficult days. Without a king, Israel wavered and wondered and fell wayward. We, too, wallow in the waste of our will when seeking our own solutions. But we have a king! We have King Jesus. Jesus knows the past, present, and future, so He guides with eternal wisdom. Jesus cast a vision of walking through this world in love and then took each step on this earth to show us the way. Jesus made a way for the Spirit to provide for us in difficult days. Without King Jesus, everyone does as they see fit and we follow the path of destruction seen in Judges 21. With King Jesus, we have abundant life (John 10:10).


  1. What is a current situation you are trying to solve yourself? 
  2. How is that working out?
  3. In what ways can you allow Jesus and the Spirit to rule over this situation?

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3 thoughts on “Judges 21”

  1. That was well written today!

    I had a student this week tell me his favorite story in the Bible was Samson…out of no where. I seized that open door to further the conversation and began telling him I just finished reading about that story. God provided a time and place to talk about Him without restraint. Still after well over 2000 years, God is still making all things good from someone’s poor choices. (Samson)
    We must never underestimate all the good that God has planned from these preserved stories of doom and evil. There is always hope. And there is always good…there is a risen Savior!!🙌🏻
    Looking forward to Holy Week! 🙏🏻

  2. Ella Snodgrass

    What a perfect storm! Rash vows, heated emotions, a brutal massacre, justification of wrongs committed, and no repentance, equals horrendous results. Because these people selfishly satisfied their own desires, everyone paid the price. Everyday we go into battle, although it might look different than the narratives in Judges, we, too, are vulnerable to a perfect storm brewing. We must take as our weapon TRUTH, so that our standards, morals and convictions are informed by God’s word.

  3. BUT GOD, He is so faithful. All of life’s ups and downs, with crazy roller coaster rides we give ourselves God is steadily amazing!!

    God thank You that You strengthen us through Your spirit in our inner man and that Christ dwells (settle down and make His permanent home)in our hearts through faith, and that we are rooted deep in Your love. God thank You that we can comprehend the depth of Your love. That we can know practically the love of Christ which surpasses knowledge and that we are FILLED with the fullness, richest measure, flooded with, You God!!!!! .(Ephesians 3:16-19) God thank You for Your Love overwhelming, never ending in Jesus name amen. Woohoo!!!!!!!!

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