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Read Joshua 23

Joshua’s Farewell to the Leaders

1 After a long time had passed and the Lord had given Israel rest from all their enemies around them, Joshua, by then a very old man, summoned all Israel—their elders, leaders, judges and officials—and said to them: “I am very old. You yourselves have seen everything the Lord your God has done to all these nations for your sake; it was the Lord your God who fought for you. Remember how I have allotted as an inheritance for your tribes all the land of the nations that remain—the nations I conquered—between the Jordan and the Mediterranean Sea in the west. The Lord your God himself will push them out for your sake. He will drive them out before you, and you will take possession of their land, as the Lord your God promised you.

“Be very strong; be careful to obey all that is written in the Book of the Law of Moses, without turning aside to the right or to the left. Do not associate with these nations that remain among you; do not invoke the names of their gods or swear by them. You must not serve them or bow down to them. But you are to hold fast to the Lord your God, as you have until now.

“The Lord has driven out before you great and powerful nations; to this day no one has been able to withstand you. 10 One of you routs a thousand, because the Lord your God fights for you, just as he promised. 11 So be very careful to love the Lord your God.

12 “But if you turn away and ally yourselves with the survivors of these nations that remain among you and if you intermarry with them and associate with them, 13 then you may be sure that the Lord your God will no longer drive out these nations before you. Instead, they will become snares and traps for you, whips on your backs and thorns in your eyes, until you perish from this good land, which the Lord your God has given you.

14 “Now I am about to go the way of all the earth. You know with all your heart and soul that not one of all the good promises the Lord your God gave you has failed. Every promise has been fulfilled; not one has failed. 15 But just as all the good things the Lord your God has promised you have come to you, so he will bring on you all the evil things he has threatened, until the Lord your God has destroyed you from this good land he has given you. 16 If you violate the covenant of the Lord your God, which he commanded you, and go and serve other gods and bow down to them, the Lord’s anger will burn against you, and you will quickly perish from the good land he has given you.”

Go Deeper

What wisdom would you try to impart to the world if you knew it was your last chance? 

This is the premise of a lecture series at Carnegie Mellon University in Pennsylvania, often referred to as “The Last Lecture.” In Joshua 23, we hear Joshua give his last lecture. Verse 8,  “But you are to hold fast to the Lord your God, as you have until now.”   

Hold fast. It means to bear down and fight through the storm; to cling to a belief when others deliver resistance.

For the Israelites, this meant not following in the faulty footsteps of their forefathers, who created a golden calf to worship as they had in Egypt. It meant intimately knowing and diligently following the laws from God, completely avoiding close relationships with those who worshipped other gods, and surrounding themselves with true believers. The Israelites faith was strong, but unsteady, and Joshua urged them to withstand those who sought to distract them.  

So what does “hold fast” mean for us? Our charge is not much different than that of the Israelites, but we get Jesus! Because of Jesus and His Holy Spirit actively working in and through us, “hold fast” becomes our battle cry. We are to intimately know Jesus’ love and diligently follow His example (Matthew 16:24). Our faith is not to be damaged by the workings of this world because we know that Jesus has overcome the world (John 16:33). The Spirit’s power enables us to love those of this world and still remain faithful and steady to the one true God. We “hold fast” by focusing our eyes and hearts on Him, not looking to the overwhelming odds against us in fear on the right or the bickering arguments of propriety in pride on the left.  

Just hold fast to Jesus!


  1. What do you learn and observe about the character of God in this chapter?
  2. Why do you think Joshua was so repetitive and zealous in his instructions to the Israelites to remember God and hold fast to His commands? 
  3. What situations in your life make it difficult to hold fast to Jesus? What is one action step you can take to loosen your grip on your situation and tighten your hold on Jesus?

Did You Know?

There are noticeable parallels between Joshua’s final speech and Moses’ in Deuteronomy 31. Both include urges for Israel to press on and remain faithful as they move into the future.

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1 thought on “Joshua 23”

  1. Joshua’s last words to his people were the first words God had spoken to him at the beginning of his command, be strong! (Joshua 1:6) He warns them of the temptation to compromise by associating with pagan people around them, and doing so would invoke the Lord’s severe judgement. What does it look like for us to remain faithful in current 2020 culture? For me it starts here:
    Recall his faithfulness in the past.
    Remember the Lord fights for us.
    Continue obeying his Word.
    Diligently love the Lord.
    Know that our God is a promise keeper.
    Our God is the same yesterday, today, and forever. He is actively engaged in history pursuing the hearts of people. He is trustworthy and assures us with his presence. What a gift!

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