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Beginning January 1, we’ll be studying the book of Proverbs for the next 31 days. The new year is a great opportunity to invite your friends, families, and Life Groups to read along with you in 2023. 

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Read Isaiah 66

Judgment and Hope

66 This is what the Lord says:

“Heaven is my throne,
    and the earth is my footstool.
Where is the house you will build for me?
    Where will my resting place be?
Has not my hand made all these things,
    and so they came into being?”
declares the Lord.

“These are the ones I look on with favor:
    those who are humble and contrite in spirit,
    and who tremble at my word.
But whoever sacrifices a bull
    is like one who kills a person,
and whoever offers a lamb
    is like one who breaks a dog’s neck;
whoever makes a grain offering
    is like one who presents pig’s blood,
and whoever burns memorial incense
    is like one who worships an idol.
They have chosen their own ways,
    and they delight in their abominations;
so I also will choose harsh treatment for them
    and will bring on them what they dread.
For when I called, no one answered,
    when I spoke, no one listened.
They did evil in my sight
    and chose what displeases me.”

Hear the word of the Lord,
    you who tremble at his word:
“Your own people who hate you,
    and exclude you because of my name, have said,
‘Let the Lord be glorified,
    that we may see your joy!’
    Yet they will be put to shame.
Hear that uproar from the city,
    hear that noise from the temple!
It is the sound of the Lord
    repaying his enemies all they deserve.

“Before she goes into labor,
    she gives birth;
before the pains come upon her,
    she delivers a son.
Who has ever heard of such things?
    Who has ever seen things like this?
Can a country be born in a day
    or a nation be brought forth in a moment?
Yet no sooner is Zion in labor
    than she gives birth to her children.
Do I bring to the moment of birth
    and not give delivery?” says the Lord.
“Do I close up the womb
    when I bring to delivery?” says your God.
10 “Rejoice with Jerusalem and be glad for her,
    all you who love her;
rejoice greatly with her,
    all you who mourn over her.
11 For you will nurse and be satisfied
    at her comforting breasts;
you will drink deeply
    and delight in her overflowing abundance.”

12 For this is what the Lord says:

“I will extend peace to her like a river,
    and the wealth of nations like a flooding stream;
you will nurse and be carried on her arm
    and dandled on her knees.
13 As a mother comforts her child,
    so will I comfort you;
    and you will be comforted over Jerusalem.”

14 When you see this, your heart will rejoice
    and you will flourish like grass;
the hand of the Lord will be made known to his servants,
    but his fury will be shown to his foes.
15 See, the Lord is coming with fire,
    and his chariots are like a whirlwind;
he will bring down his anger with fury,
    and his rebuke with flames of fire.
16 For with fire and with his sword
    the Lord will execute judgment on all people,
    and many will be those slain by the Lord.

17 “Those who consecrate and purify themselves to go into the gardens, following one who is among those who eat the flesh of pigs, rats and other unclean things—they will meet their end together with the one they follow,” declares the Lord.

18 “And I, because of what they have planned and done, am about to come and gather the people of all nations and languages, and they will come and see my glory.

19 “I will set a sign among them, and I will send some of those who survive to the nations—to Tarshish, to the Libyans and Lydians (famous as archers), to Tubal and Greece, and to the distant islands that have not heard of my fame or seen my glory. They will proclaim my glory among the nations. 20 And they will bring all your people, from all the nations, to my holy mountain in Jerusalem as an offering to the Lord—on horses, in chariots and wagons, and on mules and camels,” says the Lord. “They will bring them, as the Israelites bring their grain offerings, to the temple of the Lord in ceremonially clean vessels. 21 And I will select some of them also to be priests and Levites,” says the Lord.

22 “As the new heavens and the new earth that I make will endure before me,” declares the Lord, “so will your name and descendants endure. 23 From one New Moon to another and from one Sabbath to another, all mankind will come and bow down before me,” says the Lord. 24 “And they will go out and look on the dead bodies of those who rebelled against me; the worms that eat them will not die, the fire that burns them will not be quenched, and they will be loathsome to all mankind.”

Go Deeper

Isaiah 66 closes this book by setting our eyes on eternity, looking beyond the here and now. When it comes to chapters that speak on the judgment of the Father, it can be uncomfortable for us to imagine the condemnation for those who do not believe in Him. Remember: It is important for us to not read scripture with our own opinions, but to keep our eyes set on what is true of God’s character. He is a God of love and every action of His is an outpouring of love. We see very clearly here in this chapter a warning against what will happen to those who don’t follow him. That those who love their sin and ignore him will be put to shame. This isn’t to scare people from hell, rather it is a clear warning of the truth. Heaven will not be filled with people scared of hell. 

Verse 3 also mentions empty religion. It’s important to note that even in the Old Testament that it’s not about the sacrifices themselves, but it’s about our heart. God is making His intentions clear here: He wants us to be near to Him and to experience the joy found in Him!

What is so beautiful about this chapter is that for those who trust in the Lord and proclaim Him to be their savior, we see the other side of His love. “The humble and contrite in spirit” (v. 2) and those who “tremble at his word” (v. 5) will receive “peace like a river” (v. 12). The Lord will comfort us, and this news leads us to rejoice.

He is worthy of praise and from him alone is joy found. Worship is a form of repentance, surrender, and praise. That it isn’t a feeling, but instead a reset and reminder of what is true. That we don’t worship because of what our circumstances look like, rather we do it because He is worthy of it. It brings Him glory. We will be welcomed into His house and “all of mankind will come and bow down before me” (v. 23). This is our eternal mindset and why our hope is in Him!


  1. Reflect back on the book we have just read. What has Isaiah taught you about God’s character?
  2. The end of this chapter talks about how far the Lord goes to include all of the nations into His kingdom. In what ways do we see this fulfilled in the new testament?
  3. Read Romans 5:9-11. How is Paul’s point in Romans 5 similar to that of this chapter?

Watch This

Now that we have completed the book of Isaiah, go back and rewatch The Bible Project’s overview videos 

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3 thoughts on “Isaiah 66”

  1. What I notice throughout the book of Isaiah is God’s heart for his people. He addresses sin and issues the antidote. Isaiah’s theme pairs perfectly with
    2 Peter 3:9-10 “The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. Instead he is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone come to repentance. But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything done in it will be laid bare.”

  2. God has offered His forgiveness with grace and mercy. He has warned of His judgements and wrath for those who scoff. He has explained the foolishness of of trusting man’s wisdom and the world’s resources. He warns against empty worship. God wants to have a relationship with us. He made the way through His only begotten Son, who died so that we could and can be right with God. Romans 5:10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life. Through His resurrected life we are saved. WOOHOO!! Now to live that life He saved, walk it, talk it, show it and LOVE like He does. Rejoice in our free gift of eternal life. REALLY REJOICE! Know it in your knower, see people through God’s love goggles, reach out and speak to them about their life, where they are and how God can help them, now, in this moment in time.

    God thank You for eternal life with You. Thank You for giving me the opportunity to be Your child. Thank You for continued wisdom as I daily interact with people and let me see them the way You do. God my spirit leaps, twirls, and is sometimes way too exuberant for the world but You know which is all that matters. I want to be reverent but also so excited about who You are and what You do!!! I do desire to give You the respect in my rejoicing, and I thank You for Your peace to encompass all that I am and who I am around in Jesus name amen

  3. Isaiah has brought 66 new revelations and teaching each day, and today’s teaching for me is about missions. One could ask, “Do you love Waco/your hometown as much as God looking upon Jerusalem with love?” Can we even compare that kind of love? I think about the moment Jesus wept when looking out over the city he was born to save, though they rejected him. Fulfilling Isaiah’s prophecy of the coming of a Messiah—as peace like a river—he died for them, for us. Are our hearts burdened for the lost of our cities? Do we look out and weep over the rejection of Christ?
    The main idea I’m leaving from Isaiah is a call to my community to tell of a Savior. To encourage me daily to humbly, die to self, and be open to reach the hurting and lost.

    Thoroughly enjoyed this study of Isaiah. Thank you, for all the great commentaries these past months. 🙌🏻

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