Genesis 18

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Read Genesis 18

The Three Visitors

1 The Lord appeared to Abraham near the great trees of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent in the heat of the day. Abraham looked up and saw three men standing nearby. When he saw them, he hurried from the entrance of his tent to meet them and bowed low to the ground.

He said, “If I have found favor in your eyes, my lord, do not pass your servant by. Let a little water be brought, and then you may all wash your feet and rest under this tree. Let me get you something to eat, so you can be refreshed and then go on your way—now that you have come to your servant.”

“Very well,” they answered, “do as you say.”

So Abraham hurried into the tent to Sarah. “Quick,” he said, “get three seahs of the finest flour and knead it and bake some bread.”

Then he ran to the herd and selected a choice, tender calf and gave it to a servant, who hurried to prepare it. He then brought some curds and milkand the calf that had been prepared, and set these before them. While they ate, he stood near them under a tree.

“Where is your wife Sarah?” they asked him.

“There, in the tent,” he said.

10 Then one of them said, “I will surely return to you about this time next year, and Sarah your wife will have a son.”

Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, which was behind him.11 Abraham and Sarah were already very old, and Sarah was past the age of childbearing. 12 So Sarah laughed to herself as she thought, “After I am worn out and my lord is old, will I now have this pleasure?”

13 Then the Lord said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Will I really have a child, now that I am old?’ 14 Is anything too hard for the Lord? I will return to you at the appointed time next year, and Sarah will have a son.”

15 Sarah was afraid, so she lied and said, “I did not laugh.”

But he said, “Yes, you did laugh.”

Abraham Pleads for Sodom

16 When the men got up to leave, they looked down toward Sodom, and Abraham walked along with them to see them on their way. 17 Then the Lord said, “Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do? 18 Abraham will surely become a great and powerful nation, and all nations on earth will be blessed through him. 19 For I have chosen him, so that he will direct his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing what is right and just, so that the Lord will bring about for Abraham what he has promised him.”

20 Then the Lord said, “The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so grievous 21 that I will go down and see if what they have done is as bad as the outcry that has reached me. If not, I will know.”

22 The men turned away and went toward Sodom, but Abraham remained standing before the Lord. 23 Then Abraham approached him and said: “Will you sweep away the righteous with the wicked? 24 What if there are fifty righteous people in the city? Will you really sweep it away and not spare the place for the sake of the fifty righteous people in it? 25 Far be it from you to do such a thing—to kill the righteous with the wicked, treating the righteous and the wicked alike. Far be it from you! Will not the Judge of all the earth do right?”

26 The Lord said, “If I find fifty righteous people in the city of Sodom, I will spare the whole place for their sake.”

27 Then Abraham spoke up again: “Now that I have been so bold as to speak to the Lord, though I am nothing but dust and ashes, 28 what if the number of the righteous is five less than fifty? Will you destroy the whole city for lack of five people?”

“If I find forty-five there,” he said, “I will not destroy it.”

29 Once again he spoke to him, “What if only forty are found there?”

He said, “For the sake of forty, I will not do it.”

30 Then he said, “May the Lord not be angry, but let me speak. What if only thirty can be found there?”

He answered, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.”

31 Abraham said, “Now that I have been so bold as to speak to the Lord, what if only twenty can be found there?”

He said, “For the sake of twenty, I will not destroy it.”

32 Then he said, “May the Lord not be angry, but let me speak just once more. What if only ten can be found there?”

He answered, “For the sake of ten, I will not destroy it.”

33 When the Lord had finished speaking with Abraham, he left, and Abraham returned home.

Go Deeper

Today’s reading shows us what bold intercession looks like. God tells Abraham that He is going to destroy the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah because of its wickedness. Abraham is moved out of love for his nephew Lot that lives there, as well as compassion for the souls represented in those cities. He begs God humbly yet courageously not to destroy the whole area if there are righteous people found within it. He starts at 50 righteous people, and like a skilled negotiator, wittles the number down to just 10. If there are just 10 righteous people found, God promises not to destroy the two cities.

If you read ahead, you know how this story ends. Unfortunately, there are not even 10 righteous people in all of Sodom and Gomorrah–only 4. The cities end up being destroyed. God knows this is going to be the outcome, and yet He still engages with Abraham in this intercessory conversation. Why? If Abraham’s honest and earnest pleading wasn’t going to change God’s mind, why even do it? We ask that same question ourselves. If our prayer isn’t going to change God’s mind or our circumstances, we often feel like it’s pointless. Why even bother? 

But look what we see here with Abraham. As he intercedes on behalf of these people, the outcome doesn’t change, but he changes. He doesn’t change the mind of God, but he begins to demonstrate the character of God. Intercession means to “intervene on behalf of another,” and that’s literally what Jesus did for us on the cross. All throughout Scripture, we see God intervening on behalf of His people, and in this conversation, Abraham intervenes on behalf of Sodom and Gomorrah. He demonstrates God’s character. Even though Abraham’s prayer wasn’t answered the way he wanted, through his conversation with God, he was transformed to be more like God. 

The same is true with us. Even though our prayers may not be answered like we want them to, we still need to pray them. Because as we communicate with God our Father, we are transformed to be more and more like Him–and that is what this life is all about. 

  1. Sarah laughs when she hears that she will physically have a baby within the year. When have you second guessed God’s promises to you? How has He still been faithful even when you’ve had moments of faithlessness?

  2. What’s a prayer you’ve prayed that hasn’t been answered the way you wanted it to? How did God change you or work in your life even though you didn’t get the answer you wanted?

  3. How can you be an intercessor for someone today? What’s a big, bold, courageous prayer you could be praying for someone else right now?

Did You Know?

In the beginning of this passage, it says the Lord appeared to Abraham. He didn’t appear in a vision or in a dream, but as a human male. Instances of God appearing in person in the Old Testament are called theophanies, and, while rare, are extremely important moments when God typically relayed crucial information. Most of all, theophanies foreshadowed the day when God would take on human flesh in the permanence of Jesus Christ.

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