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Read Exodus 13

Consecration of the Firstborn

The Lord said to Moses, “Consecrate to me every firstborn male. The first offspring of every womb among the Israelites belongs to me, whether human or animal.”

Then Moses said to the people, “Commemorate this day, the day you came out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery, because the Lord brought you out of it with a mighty hand. Eat nothing containing yeast. Today, in the month of Aviv, you are leaving. When the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites and Jebusites—the land he swore to your ancestors to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey—you are to observe this ceremony in this month: For seven days eat bread made without yeast and on the seventh day hold a festival to the Lord. Eat unleavened bread during those seven days; nothing with yeast in it is to be seen among you, nor shall any yeast be seen anywhere within your borders.On that day tell your son, ‘I do this because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ This observance will be for you like a sign on your hand and a reminder on your forehead that this law of the Lord is to be on your lips. For the Lord brought you out of Egypt with his mighty hand.10 You must keep this ordinance at the appointed time year after year.

11 “After the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites and gives it to you, as he promised on oath to you and your ancestors, 12 you are to give over to the Lord the first offspring of every womb. All the firstborn males of your livestock belong to the Lord. 13 Redeem with a lamb every firstborn donkey, but if you do not redeem it, break its neck. Redeem every firstborn among your sons.

14 “In days to come, when your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ say to him, ‘With a mighty hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. 15 When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the Lord killed the firstborn of both people and animals in Egypt. This is why I sacrifice to the Lord the first male offspring of every womb and redeem each of my firstborn sons.’ 16 And it will be like a sign on your hand and a symbol on your forehead that the Lord brought us out of Egypt with his mighty hand.”

Crossing the Sea

17 When Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them on the road through the Philistine country, though that was shorter. For God said, “If they face war, they might change their minds and return to Egypt.” 18 So God led the people around by the desert road toward the Red Sea. The Israelites went up out of Egypt ready for battle.

19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him because Joseph had made the Israelites swear an oath. He had said, “God will surely come to your aid, and then you must carry my bones up with you from this place.”

20 After leaving Sukkoth they camped at Etham on the edge of the desert.21 By day the Lord went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night. 22 Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night left its place in front of the people.

Go Deeper

Sometimes, God asks us to do things that we just don’t understand. Particularly in the Old Testament, we often find commands that are somewhat confusing. For instance, in this chapter, God asks the Israelites to not eat yeast for seven days. What does God have against yeast? Well, this command actually has hardly anything to do with yeast. In reality, this command has everything to do with our forgetfulness. God knows that we are prone to forget (remember Pharaoh in chapter 9?); therefore, He uses these commands to wake us up. Yeast was such a staple of their diets that to not use it would have been a disruption.

Here, God uses a change in their diet and the sacrifice of an animal to provide a consistent reminder of His faithfulness. He knew that if the Israelites went through their lives without an intentional prompting, they would forget what God had done and fail to tell future generations. These commands were really just reminders of the goodness of God.

In the same way, we are prone to forget the faithfulness of Jesus in our lives. We will forget His goodness if we don’t set up intentional reminders. His commands still achieve the same purpose as they did in Exodus 13. When we live differently from the world, people will ask us why we live that way. This will always provide us an opportunity to tell our kids, neighbors, and co-workers, “Let me tell you about what God has done for me…”

  1. How do you think you would have felt upon hearing these commands from God?
  2. In verse 17, God said, “If they face war, they might change their minds and return to Egypt.” How resilient are you in the face of opposition? Do you trust God even when things get hard?
  3. What are some things you can set up in your life that could serve as reminders about God’s faithfulness to you?
Did You Know?

Exodus 13:9 is one of the primary sources for the Jewish practice of wearing tefillin, two leather boxes that contain words from the Torah. The boxes are worn on the forehead and upper arm. The word tefillin derives from the Hebrew word for prayer.

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2 thoughts on “Exodus 13”

  1. I’m noticing the word commemorate in this passage and the direct instructions given by God to his people. This word means to remember something and by doing so to honor it. God wanted to keep alive the memory of his deliverance in the hearts of his people. He knows we are prone to forget and need the reminder. There are significant moments for every believer worth remembering with a heart of gratefulness.

  2. 1 – I don’t know how much about their culture, so for me it’s already weird (sad and kind of disgusting) to offer an animal or ‘break its neck’ so I would be horrified by that part of the command. The other part however I understand for it is something that only benefits them, to not eat yeast and throw it out.

    2 – I think the Lord gives you no more than you can handle, and that if it does feel like that, that it is a call, warning to draw near to him (again). But as for me it is more the opposite so far. When things are or get hard I draw to God and I’m more submissive and humble and I call out to him for help. But when things go good I just like ‘thank you God’ and then I go or continue to do my own I would say that is to trust God always but that when things get hard I am more conscious of it and my need for him.

    3 – I already surround myself with rainbows because of the hoop and promise behind it (and because they are happy and colour full) but I would like to have a little cross somewhere you do not see unless you do or open a specific thing. To remind me of what Jesus (and God) did and does for me.

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