2 Kings 11

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Read 2 Kings 11

Athaliah and Joash

11 When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to destroy the whole royal family. But Jehosheba, the daughter of King Jehoram and sister of Ahaziah, took Joash son of Ahaziah and stole him away from among the royal princes, who were about to be murdered. She put him and his nurse in a bedroom to hide him from Athaliah; so he was not killed. He remained hidden with his nurse at the temple of the Lord for six years while Athaliah ruled the land.

In the seventh year Jehoiada sent for the commanders of units of a hundred, the Carites and the guards and had them brought to him at the temple of the Lord. He made a covenant with them and put them under oath at the temple of the Lord. Then he showed them the king’s son. He commanded them, saying, “This is what you are to do: You who are in the three companies that are going on duty on the Sabbath—a third of you guarding the royal palace, a third at the Sur Gate, and a third at the gate behind the guard, who take turns guarding the temple— and you who are in the other two companies that normally go off Sabbath duty are all to guard the temple for the king. Station yourselves around the king, each of you with weapon in hand. Anyone who approaches your ranks is to be put to death. Stay close to the king wherever he goes.”

The commanders of units of a hundred did just as Jehoiada the priest ordered. Each one took his men—those who were going on duty on the Sabbath and those who were going off duty—and came to Jehoiada the priest. 10 Then he gave the commanders the spears and shields that had belonged to King David and that were in the temple of the Lord. 11 The guards, each with weapon in hand, stationed themselves around the king—near the altar and the temple, from the south side to the north side of the temple.

12 Jehoiada brought out the king’s son and put the crown on him; he presented him with a copy of the covenant and proclaimed him king. They anointed him, and the people clapped their hands and shouted, “Long live the king!”

13 When Athaliah heard the noise made by the guards and the people, she went to the people at the temple of the Lord. 14 She looked and there was the king, standing by the pillar, as the custom was. The officers and the trumpeters were beside the king, and all the people of the land were rejoicing and blowing trumpets. Then Athaliah tore her robes and called out, “Treason! Treason!”

15 Jehoiada the priest ordered the commanders of units of a hundred, who were in charge of the troops: “Bring her out between the ranks and put to the sword anyone who follows her.” For the priest had said, “She must not be put to death in the temple of the Lord.” 16 So they seized her as she reached the place where the horses enter the palace grounds, and there she was put to death.

17 Jehoiada then made a covenant between the Lord and the king and people that they would be the Lord’s people. He also made a covenant between the king and the people. 18 All the people of the land went to the temple of Baal and tore it down. They smashed the altars and idols to pieces and killed Mattan the priest of Baal in front of the altars.

Then Jehoiada the priest posted guards at the temple of the Lord. 19 He took with him the commanders of hundreds, the Carites, the guards and all the people of the land, and together they brought the king down from the temple of the Lord and went into the palace, entering by way of the gate of the guards. The king then took his place on the royal throne. 20 All the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was calm, because Athaliah had been slain with the sword at the palace.

21 Joash was seven years old when he began to reign.

Go Deeper

The story in chapter 11 is one of treachery and murder, but the seeds of Satan’s plan stretch back across generations. When we look into the background of Athaliah and Joash, we see clear signs of Satan’s schemes at work prior to the Judean King Ahaziah’s death. We find out in 2 Kings 8 that Jehoram, king of Judah, married Athaliah, daughter of the King of Israel, to guarantee peace between the Northern and Southern Kingdoms. However, Athaliah is the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, the two most notoriously pagan and evil rulers of Israel mentioned in the Bible. Jehoram invites a snake into the Davidic line of God’s promise, the legacy of kings that would culminate in the coming Messiah. Rather than assure peace for Judah, he opens the door to the destruction of the entire line of David and the dissolution of God’s promise. As it says in 2 Kings 8:18-19, “(Jehoram) married a daughter of Ahab [and] he did evil in the eyes of the Lord.”

In our own lives, we are tempted to compromise to “keep the peace.” Jehoram was the son of Jehoshaphat, a Judean king who “had set [his] heart on seeking God,” (2 Chronicles 19:3), so Jehoram had grown up knowing good from evil and obedience from rebellion. But Jehosophat had spent his whole life seeking to make peace with the Northern Kingdom, even though he knew how evil Ahab was. Whether it was a generational blind spot or a simple act of rebellion on Jehoram’s part, he finally “succeeded” where his father could not. But he would never have guessed how destructive that choice to compromise and marry Athaliah would be. It would destroy his land while he was living, and his entire family after he died.

Satan waits at the door, looking for our little compromises. He capitalizes on our attempts to cut corners or partially obey, even as we justify our decisions as grounded in common sense and a choice for the “greater good.” He schemes and he plans for the complete destruction of all that we hold dear: our family, our legacy and, ultimately, the revelation of God’s faithfulness to a watching world.

But this is where we see the sovereignty of God on display: “Nevertheless, for the sake of his servant David, the Lord was not willing to destroy Judah. He had promised to maintain a lamp for David and his descendants forever.” God had made a promise to David, and no plan of man or scheme of Satan can destroy the word of God. Miraculously, when Athaliah murders every one of Jehoram’s descendants, including her own grandchildren, God has a plan in place to save her grandson Joash. More than to save him, God has a plan to nurture and raise him in godliness with priests in the temple who would mentor him to be a king and to seek to follow the Lord.

Realize that Satan has a plan for you. That little decision you made might seem practical but might actually come at the cost of obedience. And believe that you have an enemy looking to destroy you. But know that God is faithful, and He is sovereign. He will fulfill the promises He has made to you for His own name’s sake. Repent and pursue obedience and reclaim the legacy God has promised and planned for you.


1) What ways can you see that you’ve made choices that seem wise but are disobedient to God’s direction?

2) What promises has God made to you that you have yet to see fulfilled?

3) What areas of your life is God asking you to surrender in repentance and obedience today?

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Meditate on 2 Timothy 2:13: “[Even when] we are faithless, He is faithful, for he cannot disown Himself.” Read more about Athaliah, Jezebel’s daughter, here.

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4 thoughts on “2 Kings 11”

  1. Ella Snodgrass

    We see several compelling women in this narrative who exhibit distinctly different motives. Athaliah, the wicked one, bent on destruction and evil, and Jehosheba, who bravely spared the infant who would one day be king. Being the wife of the high priest, Jehosheba surely would have known about God’s promise to David’s descendants.”Your dynasty and your kingdom will continue for all time before me, and your throne will be secure forever” (2 Samuel 7:16). What a remarkable display of how God’s word always prevails! Let’s use every opportunity to take God’s word seriously, building up our faith day by day in the One who is unchanging and sovereign over all. Which camp would you have landed in, Athaliah or Jehosheba? Every action or inaction places us squarely in one place or the other.

  2. How I am saddened about how I know I make God hurt when I disobey. God with His infinity love and mercy’s still must be somewhat disappointed. The more I realize how much I want to do my best for God but still stumble, makes me enjoy,look forward to learning more so that I can do more that is pleasing my (mine) heavenly Father. 1John 3:1 — American Standard Version (ASV 1901)
    1 Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called children of God; and such we are. For this cause the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.
    We are loved. We are chosen. We are forgiven. We are redeemed. We are highly favored. We are able.
    Thank You God for Your love and forgiveness. Thank You for opening the eyes of my understanding to know you more and more and more!!! Thank You for wisdom to do right things and make right choices. I love You more and more in Jesus name amen

  3. There’s another story that came to mind that we’ve all grown up watching that has the same meaning —The Wizard of Oz. If you’ve never really thought about the hidden biblical meanings behind that story, they are remarkably evident. (Ding! Dong! The witch is dead!)
    I’m encouraged today by God’s power to prevail over evil. That for six, long years they prayed and nurtured a king just waiting for God’s timing. It reminds me to not rush God’s plan, too. Maybe sometimes evil has to run its course so that the power of God can be more miraculous and unbelievably good!! (Even if he was 7 yrs old—or from Kansas)
    Thank you, God for always keeping your promises. Thank you, for always prevailing over evil!! May we learn to trust in your timing in nurturing the seed of truth in our lives. Thank you, for always protecting us. We love you! In your name I pray…

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