1 Timothy 5

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Read 1 Timothy 5

Widows, Elders and Slaves

Do not rebuke an older man harshly, but exhort him as if he were your father. Treat younger men as brothers, older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity.

Give proper recognition to those widows who are really in need. But if a widow has children or grandchildren, these should learn first of all to put their religion into practice by caring for their own family and so repaying their parents and grandparents, for this is pleasing to God. The widow who is really in need and left all alone puts her hope in God and continues night and day to pray and to ask God for help. But the widow who lives for pleasure is dead even while she lives. Give the people these instructions, so that no one may be open to blame. Anyone who does not provide for their relatives, and especially for their own household, has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.

No widow may be put on the list of widows unless she is over sixty, has been faithful to her husband, 10 and is well known for her good deeds, such as bringing up children, showing hospitality, washing the feet of the Lord’s people, helping those in trouble and devoting herself to all kinds of good deeds.

11 As for younger widows, do not put them on such a list. For when their sensual desires overcome their dedication to Christ, they want to marry. 12 Thus they bring judgment on themselves, because they have broken their first pledge. 13 Besides, they get into the habit of being idle and going about from house to house. And not only do they become idlers, but also busybodies who talk nonsense, saying things they ought not to. 14 So I counsel younger widows to marry, to have children, to manage their homes and to give the enemy no opportunity for slander. 15 Some have in fact already turned away to follow Satan.

16 If any woman who is a believer has widows in her care, she should continue to help them and not let the church be burdened with them, so that the church can help those widows who are really in need.

17 The elders who direct the affairs of the church well are worthy of double honor, especially those whose work is preaching and teaching. 18 For Scripture says, “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,” and “The worker deserves his wages.” 19 Do not entertain an accusation against an elder unless it is brought by two or three witnesses. 20 But those elders who are sinning you are to reprove before everyone, so that the others may take warning. 21 I charge you, in the sight of God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels, to keep these instructions without partiality, and to do nothing out of favoritism.

22 Do not be hasty in the laying on of hands, and do not share in the sins of others. Keep yourself pure.

23 Stop drinking only water, and use a little wine because of your stomach and your frequent illnesses.

24 The sins of some are obvious, reaching the place of judgment ahead of them; the sins of others trail behind them. 25 In the same way, good deeds are obvious, and even those that are not obvious cannot remain hidden forever.

Go Deeper

In Paul’s first letter to Timothy at the church in Ephesus, we have seen Paul instruct Timothy primarily on how to deal with false teachers and how the gospel shapes our lives. Today, we move into the portion of the book in which Paul gives Timothy instructions on how to deal with specific groups within the church. Verses 1-2 provide basic principles for interpersonal relationships, while the rest of the chapter deals with widows and elders.

One thing we can pull from this text is that our sin has a detrimental effect on our witness to a non-believer. Ephesians 4:1 admonishes the believer to live in a manner worthy of their calling. If our eternity has been changed, and we have moved from death to life, then there should be a noticeable difference in our lives. We are to have “a reputation for good works” (v. 10) and not be “self-indulgent” (v. 8). It is important to note, though, that our good works do not save usthat happens by grace through faith (Ephesians 2:8-9). Our works are evidence of our salvation and our faith. James 2:26b tells us that faith apart from works is dead.

So what happens when the believer is living in open and unrepentant sin? They are to be rebuked. Look back in verse 20: “But those elders who are sinning you are to reprove before everyone, so that the others may take warning.” This is rooted in Jesus’ teaching in Matthew 18:16-17, in which we are instructed to “widen the circle” in order to resolve conflict due to unrepentant sin. 

Verses 24-25 close this passage by reminding the believer that sins can be hidden and appear later, but sin will always rear its ugly head. This is why it is critical to confess sin consistently in your community. It is interesting to note that good works are also never unseen. Jesus says this during his Sermon on the Mount: “Your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.” Therefore, in order to live in a manner worthy of our calling, we must have reputations for good works (v. 10) and give the adversary no occasion for slander (v. 14). 


  1. In what way can you be caring for the vulnerable in your area?
  2. What is the correlation between faith and works? Support your answer with evidence from Scripture. 
  3. What might be some unrepentant sin in your life? Bring in some trusted people from your Life Group or community.

Keep Digging

Here is Harris Creek’s Peacemaker Guide.

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1 thought on “1 Timothy 5”

  1. Paul gives practical guidelines in his instructions to Timothy on specific issues in the church. Can you imagine how daunting this must have been to address when culture & sin had crept into the church and needed correction? Keep in mind that Timothy is in his early 30’s at best, yet God specifically equipped and raised him up to uphold Godly standards in this body. I love the opening verses that speak to relationships and how we are to treat each other as family-older men as fathers, younger men as brothers, older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters. Every single person we come in contact with is someone Christ died for. As Christ followers we are to embrace Romans 11:22, “Therefore, consider God’s kindness and severity: severity toward those who have fallen, but kindness toward you, if you remain in His kindness.” I find that we tend to normalize sin and look the other way instead of addressing it. Heaven help us uphold truth in every area of our lives!

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