1 Kings 20

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Read 1 Kings 20

Ben-Hadad Attacks Samaria

20 Now Ben-Hadad king of Aram mustered his entire army. Accompanied by thirty-two kings with their horses and chariots, he went up and besieged Samaria and attacked it. He sent messengers into the city to Ahab king of Israel, saying, “This is what Ben-Hadad says: ‘Your silver and gold are mine, and the best of your wives and children are mine.’”

The king of Israel answered, “Just as you say, my lord the king. I and all I have are yours.”

The messengers came again and said, “This is what Ben-Hadad says: ‘I sent to demand your silver and gold, your wives and your children. But about this time tomorrow I am going to send my officials to search your palace and the houses of your officials. They will seize everything you value and carry it away.’”

The king of Israel summoned all the elders of the land and said to them, “See how this man is looking for trouble! When he sent for my wives and my children, my silver and my gold, I did not refuse him.”

The elders and the people all answered, “Don’t listen to him or agree to his demands.”

So he replied to Ben-Hadad’s messengers, “Tell my lord the king, ‘Your servant will do all you demanded the first time, but this demand I cannot meet.’” They left and took the answer back to Ben-Hadad.

10 Then Ben-Hadad sent another message to Ahab: “May the gods deal with me, be it ever so severely, if enough dust remains in Samaria to give each of my men a handful.”

11 The king of Israel answered, “Tell him: ‘One who puts on his armor should not boast like one who takes it off.’”

12 Ben-Hadad heard this message while he and the kings were drinking in their tents, and he ordered his men: “Prepare to attack.” So they prepared to attack the city.

Ahab Defeats Ben-Hadad

13 Meanwhile a prophet came to Ahab king of Israel and announced, “This is what the Lord says: ‘Do you see this vast army? I will give it into your hand today, and then you will know that I am the Lord.’”

14 “But who will do this?” asked Ahab.

The prophet replied, “This is what the Lord says: ‘The junior officers under the provincial commanders will do it.’”

“And who will start the battle?” he asked.

The prophet answered, “You will.”

15 So Ahab summoned the 232 junior officers under the provincial commanders. Then he assembled the rest of the Israelites, 7,000 in all. 16 They set out at noon while Ben-Hadad and the 32 kings allied with him were in their tents getting drunk. 17 The junior officers under the provincial commanders went out first.

Now Ben-Hadad had dispatched scouts, who reported, “Men are advancing from Samaria.”

18 He said, “If they have come out for peace, take them alive; if they have come out for war, take them alive.”

19 The junior officers under the provincial commanders marched out of the city with the army behind them 20 and each one struck down his opponent. At that, the Arameans fled, with the Israelites in pursuit. But Ben-Hadad king of Aram escaped on horseback with some of his horsemen. 21 The king of Israel advanced and overpowered the horses and chariots and inflicted heavy losses on the Arameans.

22 Afterward, the prophet came to the king of Israel and said, “Strengthen your position and see what must be done, because next spring the king of Aram will attack you again.”

23 Meanwhile, the officials of the king of Aram advised him, “Their gods are gods of the hills. That is why they were too strong for us. But if we fight them on the plains, surely we will be stronger than they. 24 Do this: Remove all the kings from their commands and replace them with other officers. 25 You must also raise an army like the one you lost—horse for horse and chariot for chariot—so we can fight Israel on the plains. Then surely we will be stronger than they.” He agreed with them and acted accordingly.

26 The next spring Ben-Hadad mustered the Arameans and went up to Aphek to fight against Israel. 27 When the Israelites were also mustered and given provisions, they marched out to meet them. The Israelites camped opposite them like two small flocks of goats, while the Arameans covered the countryside.

28 The man of God came up and told the king of Israel, “This is what the Lord says: ‘Because the Arameans think the Lord is a god of the hills and not a god of the valleys, I will deliver this vast army into your hands, and you will know that I am the Lord.’”

29 For seven days they camped opposite each other, and on the seventh day the battle was joined. The Israelites inflicted a hundred thousand casualties on the Aramean foot soldiers in one day. 30 The rest of them escaped to the city of Aphek, where the wall collapsed on twenty-seven thousand of them. And Ben-Hadad fled to the city and hid in an inner room.

31 His officials said to him, “Look, we have heard that the kings of Israel are merciful. Let us go to the king of Israel with sackcloth around our waists and ropes around our heads. Perhaps he will spare your life.”

32 Wearing sackcloth around their waists and ropes around their heads, they went to the king of Israel and said, “Your servant Ben-Hadad says: ‘Please let me live.’”

The king answered, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.”

33 The men took this as a good sign and were quick to pick up his word. “Yes, your brother Ben-Hadad!” they said.

“Go and get him,” the king said. When Ben-Hadad came out, Ahab had him come up into his chariot.

34 “I will return the cities my father took from your father,” Ben-Hadad offered. “You may set up your own market areas in Damascus, as my father did in Samaria.”

Ahab said, “On the basis of a treaty I will set you free.” So he made a treaty with him, and let him go.

A Prophet Condemns Ahab

35 By the word of the Lord one of the company of the prophets said to his companion, “Strike me with your weapon,” but he refused.

36 So the prophet said, “Because you have not obeyed the Lord, as soon as you leave me a lion will kill you.” And after the man went away, a lion found him and killed him.

37 The prophet found another man and said, “Strike me, please.” So the man struck him and wounded him. 38 Then the prophet went and stood by the road waiting for the king. He disguised himself with his headband down over his eyes. 39 As the king passed by, the prophet called out to him, “Your servant went into the thick of the battle, and someone came to me with a captive and said, ‘Guard this man. If he is missing, it will be your life for his life, or you must pay a talent of silver.’ 40 While your servant was busy here and there, the man disappeared.”

“That is your sentence,” the king of Israel said. “You have pronounced it yourself.”

41 Then the prophet quickly removed the headband from his eyes, and the king of Israel recognized him as one of the prophets. 42 He said to the king, “This is what the Lord says: ‘You have set free a man I had determined should die. Therefore it is your life for his life, your people for his people.’” 43 Sullen and angry, the king of Israel went to his palace in Samaria.

Go Deeper

Pride. Arrogance. Greed. Murder. Irreverence. All these sins and more are profoundly on display in today’s reading. The King of Aram (Ben-Hadad) and the King of Israel (Ahab) go head-to-head in a battle over nothing, essentially. Twice they fight and twice Israel should have lost, but won instead. One battle was fought on the hilltops, and one was fought in the plains, but both times Israel’s small army defeated their “Goliath.”

But not by their own strength. Before each battle God speaks through an unnamed, faithful prophet and says, “And then you will know that I am the Lord.” Both battles were won by the Lord for the purposes of the Lord. Ahab, Israel’s king, wasn’t the good guy. 1 Kings 16:30 says that “he did more evil in the eyes of the LORD than any of those before him.” This war wasn’t even righteous or necessary. It was a foolish ego driven endeavor initiated by two prideful kings. The winning army, Israel, didn’t win because their king was smart or honorable or because the war was correcting an injustice. They won because God wanted to show His power and might to a group of foreigners, and even to his unbelieving King Ahab. In short, they won because God wanted to win. They won because God wanted to show that He is the true King.

In this story we see God work through the flawed king Ahab, a small army, and an unnamed prophet. None of these people could have done what they did on their own: Ahab lacked courage, the Israelite army lacked people, and the unnamed prophet lacked the king’s respect. Yet, God worked through each one of them to show that only He gets the glory due His name. Just like He works through broken jars of clay to show us He is the Potter (2 Corinthians 4:7) and how He works through our weakness to show His perfection (2 Corinthians 12:9), here he works through ill-equipped armies and evil kings to show us His power. “I am the Lord; that is my name; my glory I give to no other, nor my praise to carved idols,” Isaiah 42:8 says.

God deserves the glory that is due His name. And one way or another, through whatever person and method He chooses, He will get it.


  1. Do you think about the glory that is due God?  
  2. How are we to give God glory in all we do and say? 
  3. In what ways have you seen God move and work through your inadequacies and weaknesses? Remind yourself of His power and faithfulness today! Celebrate God!

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3 thoughts on “1 Kings 20”

  1. Ella Snodgrass

    Far too often we may fall into the trap as Ahab did seeking our own glory. Even after miraculous victorious, Ahab refused to acknowledge God. What Ahab couldn’t understand was that God would not share his glory with another (Isaiah 42:8). Jesus said in John 15:8, “This is to my Father’s glory that you bear much fruit, showing yourselves to be my disciples.” As believers we have the unbelievable privilege of bearing the name of Christ and making him known. Practically, our speech, conduct and choices highlight the nature of Jesus. We “do justice, love mercy, and walk humbly with our God” (Micah 6:8).

  2. I think about God’s glory often. I desire to bring Him glory, to extol His faithfulness He is has shown in my life. I want to shout it from our hilltop and yet I only share a little. I do not feel adequate with words to express myself. I imagine parts of what I have experienced in worship, as perhaps that is a small taste of how it will be to truly be in HIS presence and I am so excited with great anticipation for such a time. Purpose is also a way to glorify God. All of everyone’s purpose is to share the gospel, to pray, to read God’s word, and glorify Him by obedience.

    Thank You God for Your Glory!! Thank You that I see it all day everyday around me in your creation. Thank you for your holy Spirit helping me to glorify You by being obedient, faithful, and loving first to You God then to the world around me. In Jesus name amen.

  3. V 38 He disguised himself with his headband down over his eyes.
    I’m left with the word “disguise” from this passage today. I believe we read later how Ahab will disguise himself to try to out-whit his fate.
    I think the HC message Sunday kinda touched on this as well… about us having different disguise’s that we show people at church vs our real lives during the week. How vulnerable you have to be— almost transparent to really build trust.
    Isn’t that what we are really seeking when we disguise other selves? Trust. We want desperately for others to trust the lie instead of the truth.
    The prophet was in disguise to make a point —and to show (prophecy)Ahab
    what he was going to do himself to fool others. (Or maybe it gave him the idea 🤷🏻‍♀️)
    Heavenly Father, help us to be transparent. Help us to lay down our disguises of trying to be perfect and having it all together. Do not let our pride hold us back from receiving blessings you have waiting for us. Let us walk humbly in your name. We love you. In your name I pray.

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