1 Kings 12

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Read 1 Kings 12

Israel Rebels Against Rehoboam

12 Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had gone there to make him king. When Jeroboam son of Nebat heard this (he was still in Egypt, where he had fled from King Solomon), he returned from Egypt. So they sent for Jeroboam, and he and the whole assembly of Israel went to Rehoboam and said to him: “Your father put a heavy yoke on us, but now lighten the harsh labor and the heavy yoke he put on us, and we will serve you.”

Rehoboam answered, “Go away for three days and then come back to me.” So the people went away.

Then King Rehoboam consulted the elders who had served his father Solomon during his lifetime. “How would you advise me to answer these people?” he asked.

They replied, “If today you will be a servant to these people and serve them and give them a favorable answer, they will always be your servants.”

But Rehoboam rejected the advice the elders gave him and consulted the young men who had grown up with him and were serving him. He asked them, “What is your advice? How should we answer these people who say to me, ‘Lighten the yoke your father put on us’?”

10 The young men who had grown up with him replied, “These people have said to you, ‘Your father put a heavy yoke on us, but make our yoke lighter.’ Now tell them, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s waist. 11 My father laid on you a heavy yoke; I will make it even heavier. My father scourged you with whips; I will scourge you with scorpions.’”

12 Three days later Jeroboam and all the people returned to Rehoboam, as the king had said, “Come back to me in three days.” 13 The king answered the people harshly. Rejecting the advice given him by the elders, 14 he followed the advice of the young men and said, “My father made your yoke heavy; I will make it even heavier. My father scourged you with whips; I will scourge you with scorpions.” 15 So the king did not listen to the people, for this turn of events was from the Lord, to fulfill the word the Lord had spoken to Jeroboam son of Nebat through Ahijah the Shilonite.

16 When all Israel saw that the king refused to listen to them, they answered the king:

“What share do we have in David,
    what part in Jesse’s son?
To your tents, Israel!
    Look after your own house, David!”

So the Israelites went home. 17 But as for the Israelites who were living in the towns of Judah, Rehoboam still ruled over them.

18 King Rehoboam sent out Adoniram, who was in charge of forced labor, but all Israel stoned him to death. King Rehoboam, however, managed to get into his chariot and escape to Jerusalem. 19 So Israel has been in rebellion against the house of David to this day.

20 When all the Israelites heard that Jeroboam had returned, they sent and called him to the assembly and made him king over all Israel. Only the tribe of Judah remained loyal to the house of David.

21 When Rehoboam arrived in Jerusalem, he mustered all Judah and the tribe of Benjamin—a hundred and eighty thousand able young men—to go to war against Israel and to regain the kingdom for Rehoboam son of Solomon.

22 But this word of God came to Shemaiah the man of God: 23 “Say to Rehoboam son of Solomon king of Judah, to all Judah and Benjamin, and to the rest of the people, 24 ‘This is what the Lord says: Do not go up to fight against your brothers, the Israelites. Go home, every one of you, for this is my doing.’” So they obeyed the word of the Lord and went home again, as the Lord had ordered.

Golden Calves at Bethel and Dan

25 Then Jeroboam fortified Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim and lived there. From there he went out and built up Peniel.

26 Jeroboam thought to himself, “The kingdom will now likely revert to the house of David. 27 If these people go up to offer sacrifices at the temple of the Lord in Jerusalem, they will again give their allegiance to their lord, Rehoboam king of Judah. They will kill me and return to King Rehoboam.”

28 After seeking advice, the king made two golden calves. He said to the people, “It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Here are your gods, Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt.” 29 One he set up in Bethel, and the other in Dan. 30 And this thing became a sin; the people came to worship the one at Bethel and went as far as Dan to worship the other.

31 Jeroboam built shrines on high places and appointed priests from all sorts of people, even though they were not Levites. 32 He instituted a festival on the fifteenth day of the eighth month, like the festival held in Judah, and offered sacrifices on the altar. This he did in Bethel, sacrificing to the calves he had made. And at Bethel he also installed priests at the high places he had made. 33 On the fifteenth day of the eighth month, a month of his own choosing, he offered sacrifices on the altar he had built at Bethel. So he instituted the festival for the Israelites and went up to the altar to make offerings.

Go Deeper

This chapter is a textbook example on how not to make decisions. While Rehoboam listened to advice, he listened to the wrong advice. Rather than listen to the elders with experience in governing, Rehoboam sought advice from his young friends. Here, we see a bad decision coupled with arrogance on behalf of the king. He thought he knew better than those who had gone before him. Spurning their counsel, he chose the recommendation from his friends because surely they knew better. Their advice was not only arrogant, it was also selfish. In demanding that he place a heavier burden on the people, his friends assumed this would give Rehoboam greater power. This self-centered thinking produced opposite results than the ones they desired.

Strikingly, Jeroboam also receives bad counsel in this chapter. Verse 28 says, “After seeking advice, the king made two golden calves.” This decision was also made with the desire to maintain his power. Jeroboam was afraid that if the people traveled to Jerusalem, they would leave him and follow Rehoboam. While this decision was meant to keep his power, he was directly opposing the will of Israel’s all-powerful God.

This chapter illustrates a tremendous lesson: we need to not simply seek guidance, but to diligently pursue wise guidance. We can find someone who will support nearly every decision we want to make. But wisdom is not the same as listening to those who only tell us what we want to hear.

When we seek counsel we need to seriously consider who gets our attention. There are a few clarifying questions that can help us make that decision. Does their advice line up with God’s Word? What is their own personal history in making decisions? Do I want to listen to them just because they are telling me what I want to hear? When we sift counsel through those guidelines we can avoid the same mistakes of Rehoboam and Jeroboam. 


  1. What did you find most surprising in this chapter? 
  2. Have you ever made a poor decision like Rehoboam? What factors went into that choice? 
  3. How can you ensure that you have pure motives while making a decision?  

By the Way

Ironically, Solomon worried about giving all that he worked for to a foolish successor: “Then I hated all my labor in which I had toiled under the sun, because I must leave it to the man who will come after me. And who knows whether he will be wise or a fool? Yet he will rule over all my labor in which I toiled and in which I have shown myself wise under the sun. This also is vanity” (Ecclesiastes 2:18-19).

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4 thoughts on “1 Kings 12”

  1. Very well put.. I was reading and thought of dumb and dumber lol Solomon’s sons definitely did not get any wisdom with the throne.
    When making decisions I have learned to find 2-3 people that you trust—that has followed God’s will in their own lives—to pray and open up to. Even then, I still covet what God speaks privately to me because I have found it makes no sense sometimes when you try to explain it to someone, even when they are of the faith.

    1. Ella Snodgrass

      May we discern his still small voice that quietly whispers “this is the way, walk ye in it.” I love your faithful perspective in the BRP.

  2. Ella Snodgrass

    Anyone cringe reading of the poor choices of these self appointed kings? Building shrines, appointing priests, instituting religious festivals all in the name of power grabbing and manipulating the people for selfish gain. Rest assured, it won’t end well. The word of God gave clear direction, yet these individuals chose their own way. My take-away for today is that my personal choices will have a domino effect on those around me, those I’m called to lead. Every decision I make is either moving me toward my Savior or into the enemy camp. That’s why I desperately need to “hide God’s word in my heart, that I might not sin against Thee.” (Psalm 119:11) May we know and live the Word in the midst of this “perverse generation”.

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