1 Chronicles 3

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Read 1 Chronicles 3

The Sons of David

These were the sons of David born to him in Hebron:

The firstborn was Amnon the son of Ahinoam of Jezreel;the second, Daniel the son of Abigail of Carmel;the third, Absalom the son of Maakah daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith;the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;and the sixth, Ithream, by his wife Eglah.These six were born to David in Hebron, where he reigned seven years and six months.David reigned in Jerusalem thirty-three years, and these were the children born to him there:

Shammua, Shobab, Nathan and Solomon. These four were by Bathsheba daughter of Ammiel. There were also Ibhar, Elishua,Eliphelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet—nine in all. All these were the sons of David, besides his sons by his concubines. And Tamar was their sister.

The Kings of Judah

10 Solomon’s son was Rehoboam,Abijah his son,Asa his son,Jehoshaphat his son,11 Jehoram his son,Ahaziah his son,Joash his son,12 Amaziah his son,Azariah his son,Jotham his son,13 Ahaz his son,Hezekiah his son,Manasseh his son,14 Amon his son,Josiah his son.15 The sons of Josiah:Johanan the firstborn,Jehoiakim the second son,Zedekiah the third,Shallum the fourth.16 The successors of Jehoiakim:Jehoiachin his son,and Zedekiah.

The Royal Line After the Exile

17 The descendants of Jehoiachin the captive:Shealtiel his son, 18 Malkiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama and Nedabiah.19 The sons of Pedaiah:Zerubbabel and Shimei.The sons of Zerubbabel:Meshullam and Hananiah.Shelomith was their sister.20 There were also five others:Hashubah, Ohel, Berekiah, Hasadiah and Jushab-Hesed.21 The descendants of Hananiah:Pelatiah and Jeshaiah, and the sons of Rephaiah, of Arnan, of Obadiah and of Shekaniah.22 The descendants of Shekaniah:Shemaiah and his sons:Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah and Shaphat—six in all.23 The sons of Neariah:Elioenai, Hizkiah and Azrikam—three in all.24 The sons of Elioenai:Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah and Anani—seven in all.

Go Deeper

Spoiler alert: the story of imperfect people leads to a perfect Christ. Before we get to that part, 1 Chronicles 3 is another instance of the re-telling of a family lineage. Although the account of each person and relationship is difficult to follow, there is a significant point to hold onto as we read this passage: hold fast to discipline, because discipline is a blessing that preserves the promise.

First Chronicles 3 chapter has three distinct sections: David’s children (3:1-9), Solomon and the kings of Judah (v. 10-16), and the generations following the exile (v. 17-24). Each section has triumph, trials, and trauma following the family line. Take the Babylonian exile, for instance. The chosen people went through the most unthinkable circumstances.

A recognizable character of the passage is David. God made a promise to David. “Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever” (2 Samuel 7:16). This would have been great if David and his descendants were as faithful to the covenant as God will always be. We read a couple verses before what is included in God’s promise to David: “I will be his father, and he will be my son. When he does wrong, I will punish him with a rod wielded by men, with floggings inflicted by human hands. But my love will never be taken away from him…” (v. 14-15).

Wisdom is breathed out in the instruction written out in Proverbs 3:11-12: “My son, do not despise the Lord’s discipline, and do not resent his rebuke, because the Lord disciplines those he loves, as a father the son he delights in.”.

The author of the book of Hebrews quoted this proverb and followed it with commentary. “Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as his children. For what children are not disciplined by their father?” (12:7). It is okay to assume that the author intended to make everyone who is a child of God aware of the importance of discipline. Discipline is a blessing that is not meant to be taken for granted by the sons and daughters of God.

Back to the earlier spoiler: David’s lineage extends to the one that proclaims himself as the “Son of David”: Jesus Christ. Integrity in the family lineage was not only for the honor of the family on earth. It was for generations to come. Most importantly, discipline is meant to help us honor God and the covenant he makes towards His people (both then and now). 


  1. How can you take time to creatively reflect (i.e. meditate, journal, draw, paint, play) on the way that God has brought you to reading this devotional?
  2. What part of your story have you invited Jesus into? How has that changed your life?
  3. Who can you bring alongside you in your story, especially as you ask God to help you with discipline in a particular part?

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2 thoughts on “1 Chronicles 3”

  1. Ella Snodgrass

    As I read through these genealogies something subtle captured my heart. These names were some of the very ones referenced in Isaiah 43:1 “I have called you by name, you are mine.” The same One who knew them by name had also promised their descendants would be as innumerable as grains of sand on the shore or stars in the heavens (Gen.22:17), and also knew the number of hair on their heads (Luke 12:7). They were fully known and chosen by a loving God. Were their stories messy? Yes! Were they disciplined as his children? Yes. By reading and discovering mistakes and poor choices in these lineages, may we learn not to repeat them.

  2. Genealogies are important so that you have the knowledge of where you came from, what is your lineage. I now belong to the lineage of God. He is my Father and I have a whole lot of brothers and sisters in Christ. That is what God desired from the beginning was family. As we go out today, when we see others, we should see them as God’s children, our potential or already a part of our family. These chapters are difficult but evidently important or they wouldn’t be in the Word. Knowing God wants accuracy, He didn’t want any doubt about Jesus’s line.

    God thank You for Your Love for me. Thank You that You desire me to have knowledge about how Jesus’s genealogy went. Thank You for helping me to grasp it. Thank You God for my brothers and sisters reading this, having a super blessed, abundantly above all they can ask or think blessed day today, in Jesus name amen.

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