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Read Romans 2

God’s Righteous Judgment
You, therefore, have no excuse, you who pass judgment on someone else, for at whatever point you judge another, you are condemning yourself, because you who pass judgment do the same things. 2 Now we know that God’s judgment against those who do such things is based on truth. 3 So when you, a mere human being, pass judgment on them and yet do the same things, do you think you will escape God’s judgment? 4 Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience, not realizing that God’s kindness is intended to lead you to repentance?

5 But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed. 6 God “will repay each person according to what they have done.” 7 To those who by persistence in doing good seek glory, honor and immortality, he will give eternal life. 8 But for those who are self-seeking and who reject the truth and follow evil, there will be wrath and anger. 9 There will be trouble and distress for every human being who does evil: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile; 10 but glory, honor and peace for everyone who does good: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. 11 For God does not show favoritism.

12 All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law will be judged by the law. 13 For it is not those who hear the law who are righteous in God’s sight, but it is those who obey the law who will be declared righteous. 14 (Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law. 15 They show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts sometimes accusing them and at other times even defending them.) 16 This will take place on the day when God judges people’s secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares.

The Jews and the Law
17 Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and boast in God; 18 if you know his will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the law; 19 if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light for those who are in the dark, 20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of little children, because you have in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth— 21 you, then, who teach others, do you not teach yourself? You who preach against stealing, do you steal? 22 You who say that people should not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? 23 You who boast in the law, do you dishonor God by breaking the law? 24 As it is written: “God’s name is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.”

25 Circumcision has value if you observe the law, but if you break the law, you have become as though you had not been circumcised. 26 So then, if those who are not circumcised keep the law’s requirements, will they not be regarded as though they were circumcised? 27 The one who is not circumcised physically and yet obeys the law will condemn you who, even though you have the written code and circumcision, are a lawbreaker.

28 A person is not a Jew who is one only outwardly, nor is circumcision merely outward and physical. 29 No, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is circumcision of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the written code. Such a person’s praise is not from other people, but from God.

Go Deeper

The theme of this chapter is that arrogance never leads to godliness. Paul doesn’t pull any punches as he attacks the pride he sees in the Roman church. These people were so blind, they were like drunkards judging others for having a drink. They lacked a self awareness to realize that they were criticizing people for doing the very things they themselves did! While these “believers” thought they had mastered the Christian life, they really hadn’t even begun to live it out. 

This passage reminds the reader that there is no finish line in life with Christ. For all of our days with Him, we will never get to a place where we have “made it.” However, the more distance you have from your conversion, the more likely you are to forget your lostness. You forget that you were saved, not by yourself, but by Jesus who rescued you from a path of self-destruction through sin. You are not the hero to your story, He is. 

The takeaway from this passage is that self-reflection is absolutely necessary for the life of the believer. We need to make space to be with God and ask Him to show us every nook and cranny of our heart. When we are laid bare before Him, the Holy Spirit shows us the ways we have fallen short. The gift of seeing our own sin leads us to have a kindness towards others and a wonder towards God’s forgiveness. If we never sit in the quiet spaces and allow God to show us our brokenness, we’ll start to believe we’re not actually broken. This arrogance will lead us away from God and closer to the self-destructive tendencies we are prone toward. The antidote to the arrogance in Romans 2 is Psalm 139:23-24: “Search me, God, and know my heart; test me and know my anxious thoughts.  See if there is any offensive way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.” 


  1. Why do you think it is so easy for us to focus on other people’s failures?
  2. What do you think Paul means in verse 4 when he says that, “God’s kindness is intended to lead you to repentance”?
  3. How can you create more space in your life for the Holy Spirit to expose your brokenness?


“The Christian Gospel is that I am so flawed that Jesus had to die for me, yet I am so loved and valued that Jesus was glad to die for me. This leads to deep humility and deep confidence at the same time. It undermines both swaggering and sniveling. I cannot feel superior to anyone, and yet I have nothing to prove to anyone. I do not think more of myself or less of myself. Instead, I think of myself less.” ⏤Tim Keller, The Reason for God: Belief in an Age of Skepticism

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2 thoughts on “Romans 2”

  1. Ella Snodgrass

    We all would do well no leave judging to God who is the only one righteous and qualified. Taking care of my own sinful heart is tedious and humbly asking God to identify and bring to my attention when sin is present in my life leaves no room for judging others. Jeremiah 17:8-19 says “The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand it? I the Lord search the heart and examine the mind, to reward a man according to his conduct, according to what his deeds deserve.” Praying today that his words will be written on our hearts so that we may be about kingdom building, where we don’t tear each other down, but build each other up. Glory, honor and peace await those who do good. May we not despise the riches of his kindness, but recognize God’s kindness is intended to lead to repentance.

  2. The Second chapter Paul humbles those who think of themselves to be better or higher in spiritual ways, you who judge practice the same things. Like how Jesus explained in Luke 18:9-14 with the Pharisee and toll-collector.
    So if the moralist is just as guilty as the obvious sinner; how [do you think] you will escape the judgment of God? “Since you know the justice of God, as evidenced by the fact that you are judging others, you are without an excuse, because in the very act of judging you have condemned yourself.” (Murray). Paul wants more than convincing us of unrighteousness. He wants to absolutely rob and destroy this moralisme, for it isn’t a way to live or escape the judgment of God. Instead we should bring our moralising and attitude of superiority into a humble repentance, for God has been good[ness] to us because He has not judged us yet though we deserve it; we have fallen short of His glory, yet He holds back His judgment against us in forbearance; He knows that we will sin tomorrow and the next day, yet in his long-suffering He holds back His judgment. So even if you’re doing wrong God will let you go one but judge you for it later after all your chances of repentance are gone. For In the first coming of Jesus the loving character of God was revealed with greatest emphasis. At the second coming of Jesus the righteous judgment of God will be revealed most clearly.
    God will judge everyone according to his deeds, inner-intentions and inner-will. Not based on If they know or heard the law, or/and if they are circumcised. but the doers of the law will be justified; even if they don’t know the law, they were born with the law written in their hearts, with their conscience keeping them on track. By nature do the things contained in the law yet he is careful to not say that a Gentile could fulfill the requirements of the law by nature. Because unfortunately, every man has corrupted his conscience, just as every man has violated God’s written revelation; and so still needs Jesus and repentance. “God therefore will judge all nations according to the use and abuse they have made of this word, whether it was written in the heart, or written on tables of stone.” (Clarke). God will judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ.
    When God’s judgment comes it will 1st come to the Jews; who may think that he is saved because he has the law; but he has to keep it! Then the same with all the other Christians. Then the Gentile; who may think that he is saved because he does not have the law, but who has had to keep the dictates of his own conscience. Paul points out that being a Jew and a discendente of Abraham and/or having Circumcision done (or baptism – or any ritual in itself) doesn’t save anyone. Only if you fully try to obey the law, written in stone or in the heart, and give yourself over to God, Inward and outward, can you be saved and be as good as if you did all or any of the rituals.

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